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To his credit, Riesman bends over backwards to say that people can belong to all categories at once through various manifestations of their characters. Nevertheless, the categories are so simple, and feel so descriptively true, that the tendency to believe in the categories and Riesman's historical sketch of how each comes about almost our overwhelms skepticism. Almost. But as Todd Gitlin points out in the foreward, Riesman's theories are tied to a population theory (other-directed societies could supposedly be distinguished by their lower birth rates in combination with economic prosperity) that was almost immediately overturned by the baby boom in the years immediately following the publication of the book. Riesman himself in the reprint of his introduction from a previous edition points out the flaw in the population projection, recanting this part of his theory. And although the flaw is minor in the sense of the meat of the book -- psychologizing various populations at certain stages in their economic development, it does began after awhile to discredit even the psychologizing. For so tightly does he link the other-directed to a phenomenon which is almost immediately proved wrong, that it calls into question everything else he contends. Remember the book "The Population Bomb" which predicted in the 60s that world would soon be overrun with humanity? It didn't take into consideration famine, disease, war -- the usual plagues of humanity. There is nothing so humbling as building a theory on bad demographic predictions.
Whether or not the theories about social character are true, they were extraordinarily influential at the time, shaping ideas about the American character and American society that persist fifty years later. There are parts of this book -- most of it in fact -- that feels vital and true to this day. The question is, however, is this because the ideas contained herein have become so dissolved into the cultural discourse that they have become true in the retelling, or are they literally true for their time and so remain?
That's part of the fun of reading this old chestnut -- deciding for yourself!
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cooperated with them throughout the WW2.
They even created their Serbian Gestapo.They even killed and massacred their own people
throughout Serbia and elsewhere.
They even wore Nazis uniforms and pretended that they don't speak serbian...
The 1-st chapter:
"In 1937 a political advisor to the Royal yugoslav GOVN,Vasa Cubrilovic draws a plan (memo) called : "The expulsions
of the Albanians".
He is believed to be the conspirator in the 1914 assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand in Sarajevo.
The event that gave wings to the World War 1.
Cubrilovic wrote that memo in the hope of "greater serbia" the serbs were to create". Chapter 1 = more scary than any fictionous horror movie I have ever seen.
"Tripartite pact gets signed in Vienna by two yu GOVN representatives and soon after AXIS forces invade yugoslavia.
serbian officials such Milan Nedic(serb president which is shown in the photo with "fuhrer" hitler),D.Ljotic,Mihailovic
(the head leader of chetnicks) and a lot more start collaborating with Germans more than ever.
It all seems their day has come - and it has indeed.It is important to add that during this time serb president finally manages to meet with Hitler so he could get some bargains, in the return of serb collaboration with Nazis. Nedic believed that this was the most essential time for the creation of "greater serbia" but hitler didn't feel like it and left that proposal for further consideration until..."
...and so many interesting moments that took place during the
A cook, in order to make the food needs ingredients.
A car, needs petrol in order to get going.
And the writer needs researching before he gets to publish a book. Those who write without researching - even if they manage to publish is the same as if they didn't publish it at all because not so many people would read it.Philip J. Cohen has made a restless research and study on serbia's history and he came up with a Great book, that the world had awaited for ages.If only this book was written a bit earlier,and if only this book was read as soon as it got out by prominent figures in the international governments - I am more than convinced that they would have looked at serbia's genocide with different eyes.
Perhaps a lot of my friends and people I knew (all civilians)
would be alive today - spared of serb terror, specifically in
the 1998-1999 war.
Dr Cohen's excellent book sets the record straight. As a Jew who is disgusted by the way Serbian nationalists exploited the history of the Holocaust for their own genocidal purposes, Cohen sets out to expose their historical revisionism and does so convincingly. He proves on the one hand that Serbian nationalists collaborated extensively with the Nazis; wartime Serbia's quisling leader Milan Nedic was one of Hitler's most loyal allies while the Chetniks of Draza Mihailovic joined with the Axis forces in attacking the Partisans and even handed over Jews to the Nazis. On the other hand, Cohen demonstrates the massive participation of Croats, Slovenes and other Yugoslavs in the Partisan resistance.
It would be wrong to conclude from this book that the Serbs as a people are somehow inherently pro-Nazi or prone to violence and aggression. The Serbs, like the Croats and Muslims, had their share of fascists and war-criminals; but like the Croats and Muslims they also had their share of anti-fascists and resisters. The xenophobic propaganda of Milosevic and his supporters in the West has done much to obscure the history of extensive COOPERATION between Serbs, Croats and Muslims that took place during World War II. In countering this propaganda, Cohen has helped to restore a more balanced picture of events.
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in the Crowd" can be characterized in a spectrum along two dimensions.
Historical based-(tradition-directed, inner-directed, &
In this context, by spectrum, means that no-one is purely
polarized(discretely typed) in either of these dimensions,
but has an affinity closest towards one of the discreet
types in a spectrum along each dimension.
Given this characterization, the author asks, what can we
predict about an individual's socio-political attributes -
ie.) political apathy, political activism, political dogmas
or lack thereof, sense of personal success socially and
politically or lack thereof among others.
The author documents 21 individual cases. The author provides
NO summary NOR conclusions based on these 21 individual cases
to answer his thesis concerning what can we predict about the
dependent variables given independent variables classification
of an individual.
From my reading of these cases, there appears NO discernable pattern
between the independent and dependent variables, which
is the declared intent of this author's study to discover. I
would expect some kind of statistical control group along with
a multi-regressional cross sectional analysis to determine statistical
correlation between the variables, but this author's
treatment is purely verbal and anecdotally based with NO grounding
in statistics or math.
Finally, if you are looking for reading material in this domain
that is stylistically direct, concise, coherent, and clear - look
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